Transition happens as a student changes from grade to grade. One of the most important transition times happens as a student prepares to leave high school and to enter adult life. For students with disabilities, it is important to plan for the future. Transition planning is part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
A Quick Summary of Transition
- Transition services are intended to prepare students to move from the world of school to the world of adulthood.
- Transition planning begins during high school at the latest.
- IDEA requires that transition planning start by the time the student reaches age 16.
- Transition planning may start earlier (when the student is younger than 16) if the IEP team decides it would be appropriate to do so.
- Transition planning takes place as part of developing the student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP).
- The IEP team (which includes the student and the parents) develops the transition plan.
- The student must be invited to any IEP meeting where postsecondary goals, and transition services needed to reach those goals, will be considered.
- In transition planning, the IEP team considers areas such as postsecondary education or vocational training, employment, independent living, and community participation.
- Transition services must be a coordinated set of activities oriented toward producing results.
- Transition services are based on the student’s needs and must take into account his or her preferences and interests.
(Taken from NICHCY – National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities)
How can you prepare for the IEP?
- Prior to attending your child's IEP discuss the following questions with your son/daughter:
- What do you want for your son/daughter during the next year and in five years?
- What type of post-secondary training and/or employment do you want your son/daughter to have after finishing high school?
- Where will your son/daughter live after high school?
- What concerns you most about the future of your son/daughter?
- What community and state agencies will provide services to your son/daughter?
- What will your son/daughter do for recreation and leisure activities in the future?